Interviews Reference List, Endnotes, Bibliography[ edit ] These elements are used to cite the information used to write the document. It is very important to always cite initial sources of information.
Label diagrams and graphs as follows; Figure 1. In this example, the second diagram in section 1 would be referred to by " Any phrases, sentences or paragraphs which are copied unaltered must be enclosed in quotation marks and referenced by a number.
Material which is not reproduced unaltered should not be in quotation marks but must still be referenced. It is not sufficient to list the sources of information at the end of the report; you must indicate the sources of information individually within the report using the reference numbering system.
Information that is not referenced is assumed to be either common knowledge or your own work or ideas; if it is not, then it is assumed to be plagiarised i. This is a serious offence.
If the person copied from is a fellow student, then this offence is known as collusion and is equally serious. Examination boards can, and do, impose penalties for these offences ranging from loss of marks to disqualification from the award of a degree This warning applies equally to information obtained from the Internet.
It is very easy for markers to identify words and images that have been copied directly from web sites. If you do this without acknowledging the source of your information and putting the words in quotation marks then your report will be sent to the Investigating Officer and you may be called before a disciplinary panel.
Now you must add the page numbers, contents and title pages and write the summary. It must be intelligible without the rest of the report. Many people may read, and refer to, a report summary but only a few may read the full report, as often happens in a professional organisation.
Purpose - a short version of the report and a guide to the report. Length - short, typically not more than words Content - provide information, not just a description of the report.
You should acquire the habit of never sending or submitting any piece of written work, from email to course work, without at least one and preferably several processes of proofreading. In addition, it is not possible for you, as the author of a long piece of writing, to proofread accurately yourself; you are too familiar with what you have written and will not spot all the mistakes.
When you have finished your report, and before you staple it, you must check it very carefully yourself. You should then give it to someone else, e.
You should record the name of this person in your acknowledgements. This includes words, word order, style and layout. Word processing and desktop publishing packages never make up for poor or inaccurate content They allow for the incremental production of a long document in portions which are stored and combined later They can waste a lot of time by slowing down writing and distracting the writer with the mechanics of text and graphics manipulation.
They can be used to make a document look stylish and professional.
Excessive use of 'cut and paste' leads to tedious repetition and sloppy writing. They make the process of proofreading and revision extremely straightforward If the first draft is word processed, it can look so stylish that the writer is fooled into thinking that it does not need proofreading and revision!
Two useful tips; Do not bother with style and formatting of a document until the penultimate or final draft. Do not try to get graphics finalised until the text content is complete.
A Handbook of Writing for Engineers 2nd ed. Macmillan van Emden J.It can give the reader more depth to the topic, could supply resources for further reading or contact lists, or can provide documentation to make your case for your grant or bid proposal.
Appendix information may include tables, figures, charts, letters, memos, detailed technical specs, maps, drawings, diagrams, photos, or other materials.
88 Appendix A: Sample Technical Report central span. This failure revealed that tape was by far the better material for holding weight; this information came to govern the second design.
OVERVIEW OF BRIDGE USING TA PE AS PRIMARY ELEMENT. The second spaghetti-tape bridge, shown in Figure 3, used tape, rather than spaghetti, to bear weight. This writing guide provides a format for writing and revising text and details on how to develop content TECHNICAL WRITING Technical writing is direct, informative, clear, and concise language written specifically for an identified Develop an outline of heading and subheadings that convey key points; for example, use Analytic Results of.
Preface Introduction to Technical Writing Rev , September 1, Preface TechProse is a technical writing, training, and information technology consulting. Each appendix must be referred to by name (Appendix A, Appendix B, Appendix C, etc.) in the text of the paper To refer to the Appendix within your text, write, (see Appendix A) .
Aug 24, · Expert Reviewed. How to Write an Appendix. Four Parts: Collecting Content for the Appendix Formatting the Appendix Polishing the Appendix Sample Appendices Community Q&A Like the appendix in a human body, an appendix contains information that is supplementary and not strictly necessary to the main body of the writing%(32).